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New York Harbor at the time of the Irish immigration


Across the Atlantic by Steamer

Ellen’s steerage fare to America was 20 dollars. This did not include meals; she was expected to bring her own food on board, enough to last the entire trip. The crowded steamer made the voyage in ten days and arrived at the Battery, New York. All emigrants were cleared for entry amidst the din and confusion at Castle Garden. Then a grinding, dusty train ride brought her to the home of her aunt, Mrs. Holmes, in Princeton, Illinois, where grandfather met her.


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